Hypertonic pelvic floor muscle dysfunction refers to a condition caused by tightness in the pelvic floor muscles, or the “levator ani complex.” This area of taut muscle bands can spasm, which decreases blood flow and oxygenation, increases lactic acid, and causes pelvic pain.
Also known as vaginismus, hypertonic pelvic floor muscle dysfunction refers to the pain caused by spasms in the muscles that surround the vagina. There is no one clear cause of hypertonic pelvic floor muscle dysfunction, but contributing factors may include anxiety, stress, hip or low back injury, holding urine, excessive core-strengthening exercises, or physical or psychological trauma.
Unfortunately, we cannot treat pelvic floor muscle dysfunction until symptoms are already present, but recovery is possible with early detection and intervention. Treatment for hypertonic pelvic floor muscle dysfunction may include a combination of techniques. Your pelvic pain specialist may recommend:
- Pelvic floor physical therapy
- Muscle relaxants
- Warm baths
- Behavioral health approaches
- Trigger point injections